Turin - Maitri Global Education

TURIN (TORINO)

Turin is a city and second major business (after Milan) and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River, in front of Susa Valley and surrounded by the western Alpine arch. The population of the city proper is 911,823 (December 2012) while the population of the urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 1.7 million inhabitants. The Turin metropolitan area is estimated by the OECD to have a population of 2.2 million.

The city has a rich culture and history, and is known for its numerous art galleries, restaurants, churches, palaces, opera houses, piazzas, parks, gardens, theatres, libraries, museums and other venues. Turin is well known for its baroque, rococo,neo-classical, and Art Nouveau architecture. Much of the city's public squares, castles, gardens and elegant palazzi such asPalazzo Madama, were built in the 16th and 18th century, after the capital of the Duchy of Savoy (later Kingdom of Sardinia) was moved to Turin from Chambery (nowadays France) as part of the urban expansion.

Turin is sometimes called the "cradle of Italian liberty", for having been the birthplace and home of notable politicians and people who contributed to the Risorgimento, such as Cavour. The city currently hosts some of Italy's best universities, colleges, academies, lycea and gymnasia, such as the six-century-old University of Turin and the Turin Polytechnic. Prestigious and important museums, such as the Museo Egizio and the Mole Antonelliana are also found in the city. Turin's several monuments and sights make it one of the world's top 250 tourist destinations, and the tenth most visited city in Italy in 2008.

The city used to be a major European political centre, being Italy's first capital city in 1861 and being home to the House of Savoy, Italy's royal family. Even though much of its political significance and importance had been lost by World War II, it became a major European crossroad for industry, commerce and trade, and currently is one of Italy's main industrial centres, being part of the famous "industrial triangle", along with Milan and Genoa. Turin is ranked third in Italy, after Milan and Rome, for economic strength. With a GDP of $58 billion, Turin is the world's 78th richest city by purchasing power. Turin is also home to much of the Italian automotive industry.

Turin is well known as the home of the Shroud of Turin, the football teams Juventus F.C. and Torino F.C., the headquarters of automobile manufacturers FIAT, Lancia and Alfa Romeo, and as host of the 2006 Winter Olympics. Several International Space Station modules, such as Harmony and Columbus, were also manufactured in Turin. It was the capital of the Duchy of Savoyfrom 1563, then of the Kingdom of Sardinia ruled by the Royal House of Savoy and finally the first capital of the unified Italy.It is often referred to as "the Automobile Capital of Italy" .

TURIN : EMERGENCY NUMBERS AND USEFUL SERVICES

  • Carabinieri (Italian police force): 112
  • State Police : 113
  • Fire Brigade : 115
  • Medical Emergency : 118
  • Road Side Assistance Aci: 116
  • Department Aci: 011 57791
  • Emergency medical service (night./holiday): 011 5747
  • Medical Pediatric Emergency: 011 5621606
  • Anti-poison Centre: 011 6637637
  • Telefono azzurro (Sky-blue Telephone): 19696
  • Damaged Things:
  • Water: 800239111
  • Gas: 800803020
  • Light enel: 011 2444444/16441
  • Aem: 011 7777000
  • Tele-heating: 011 7777171
  • Telephone normal devices: 182
  • Airport Sandro Pertini - Caselle: 011 5676361
  • Automobil Club Turin - road side assistance: 803000
  • Municipality of Turin - switchboard operator number: 011 4421111
  • Italy's state-owned railroad system- information Fs-Inform: 8488-88088
  • Telephone ticket office: 199 166177
  • Taxi: 01 5730, 01 3399